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Author Topic: Hewing the traditional way in Finland  (Read 4829 times)

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Offline TW

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Hewing the traditional way in Finland
« on: February 17, 2012, 03:16:05 PM »
Theese pictures show how I do when I hew logs. This method was used in most of Sweden and Finland in the old days.
The broad axe has bewels on both sides and a very thick blade. This particular one is made by a factory called Billns Bruk in southern Finland. Single bewel broad axes are almost unknown here.

 

  

  

  

  

  

  

 

Offline TW

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Re: Hewing the traditional way in Finland
« Reply #1 on: February 17, 2012, 03:23:34 PM »
Broad axe
 

  

 

This picture shows the technique when a wall is hewn smooth after stacking.

 

Normally wall logs were rough hewn on the ground and when the walls were stacked they were further hewn smooth.

Offline Jim_Rogers

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Re: Hewing the traditional way in Finland
« Reply #2 on: February 17, 2012, 04:39:38 PM »
Thanks for sharing.
Whatever you do, have fun doing it!
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Offline ChrisGermany

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Re: Hewing the traditional way in Finland
« Reply #3 on: February 17, 2012, 04:52:35 PM »
Thanks for sharing, TW. Love seeing how people from other countries and/or past times hew timber.

What tool do you use for peeling your logs?

"Take therefore no thought for the morrow: for the morrow shall take thought for the things of itself. Sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof." -- Matthew 6:34

Offline Bill Gaiche

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Re: Hewing the traditional way in Finland
« Reply #4 on: February 17, 2012, 08:48:16 PM »
Welcome. Nice photos and it is intresting to see what other people do with there timber, bg

Offline WDH

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Re: Hewing the traditional way in Finland
« Reply #5 on: February 17, 2012, 10:24:07 PM »
Excellent!  That is a labor of love, for sure.  The old folks did not have portable bandmills  :).
Woodmizer LT40HDD35, John Deere 2155, Kubota M5640SU, Nyle L53 Dehumidification Kiln, and a passion for all things with leafs, twigs, and bark.  hamsleyhardwood.com

Offline TW

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Re: Hewing the traditional way in Finland
« Reply #6 on: February 18, 2012, 02:13:30 PM »
 The bark knife is uppermost. I sit on the log stradling it and push or pull the bark knife.



 
The tools below are a caulking iron and two log scribes.

Offline Fallguy

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Re: Hewing the traditional way in Finland
« Reply #7 on: February 18, 2012, 08:27:21 PM »
TW do you hew the log while it is still green? If so why not hew the log with the bark on?

Offline TW

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Re: Hewing the traditional way in Finland
« Reply #8 on: February 19, 2012, 01:04:26 PM »
The logs are green of cause. I remove the bark because a chalk line is not visible enough on spruce bark. Some old-timers apparently hewed un-barked logs. I have been told that some old-timers tacked a straight batten to the top of the log as a guide and this may well be the explanation why they did it.

Offline ChrisGermany

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Re: Hewing the traditional way in Finland
« Reply #9 on: February 20, 2012, 12:48:55 PM »
I don't know how accurate anything on this page is, but it has some very beautiful images and a lot of information. Thought you might enjoy reading, if you haven't seen already:

http://www.hhogman.se/loghouses.htm
"Take therefore no thought for the morrow: for the morrow shall take thought for the things of itself. Sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof." -- Matthew 6:34

Offline TW

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Re: Hewing the traditional way in Finland
« Reply #10 on: February 20, 2012, 03:11:06 PM »
The text seems fairly correct. A good introduction to our way of doing things. I live in a border region between Sweden and Finland where people speak an oldfashioned dialect of Swedish and refer to orselves as swedes while we live in Finland. The building tradition is also a kind of mixture of Swedish and Finnish features.

Offline Cedaralaia

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Re: Hewing the traditional way in Finland
« Reply #11 on: December 17, 2012, 06:40:27 PM »
I was very excited to find this thread.  It seems to be extremely difficult to find information about this type of broad axe in english.  My interest in the piiluja stems from the one my uncle gave me that belonged to my great grandfather. He brought it with him to the USA when he immigrated from The Old Country (he was a Swede who came from western Finland).  It was forged by his grandfather, that would be my great great great grandfather.  I have a thread about it at http://www.bladeforums.com/forums/showthread.php/997531-Finnish-broad-axe-new-haft-and-hang?highlight=finnish+broad+axe if anyone is interested in looking at it.


The broad axe has bewels on both sides and a very thick blade. This particular one is made by a factory called Billns Bruk in southern Finland.

 

 (Image hidden from quote, click to view.) 

That looks like a real beauty of a piiluja.  I would like to see more pictures of it if you wouldn't mind posting some.  One of the few bits of information that I have been able to find on the net about these axes is a Billns catalog from 1928 that shows piilujas on page 11.  Here is the link to the catalog http://digi.lib.helsinki.fi/pienpainate/secure/showPage.html?action=page&type=lq&conversationId=6&id=338807&pageFrame_currPage=11&pageFrame_currFrame=2


 

 (Image hidden from quote, click to view.)

This photo almost brings a tear to my eye.  Those are some beautiful axes.  That piiluja on the bottom looks very much like mine.  It would make me very happy to see it or a similar one in action.  Does anyone know of any links to videos of this traditional type of Finnish broad axe in action.  It doesn't matter what language.

One more thing.  How sharp an edge do you put on them?  I would think you would want an edge that is close to razor sharp for hewing.

Offline Brian_Weekley

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Re: Hewing the traditional way in Finland
« Reply #12 on: December 17, 2012, 07:40:20 PM »
Cedaralaia, Very nice work on the handle!  Your initials are also a great touch.  Hope that one gets passed down for many more generations.
e aho laula

Offline Stephen1

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Re: Hewing the traditional way in Finland
« Reply #13 on: December 17, 2012, 08:58:57 PM »
Welcome to the forum, please pull up a stump and tell us more.
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Offline Cedaralaia

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Re: Hewing the traditional way in Finland
« Reply #14 on: December 18, 2012, 12:32:02 PM »
Welcome to the forum, please pull up a stump and tell us more.

Thanks for the warm welcome.  More about what?


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