The Forestry Forum is sponsored in part by:

iDRY Vacuum Kilns


Forestry Forum
Sponsored by:


TimberKing Sawmills



Toll Free 1-800-582-0470

LogRite Tools



Norwood Industries Inc.




Your source for Portable Sawmills, Edgers, Resaws, Sharpeners, Setters, Bandsaw Blades and Sawmill Parts

EZ Boardwalk Sawmills. More Saw For Less Money!

STIHLDealers.com sponsored by Northeast STIHL


Woodland Sawmills

Peterson Swingmills

 KASCO SharpTech WoodMaxx Blades

Turbosawmill

Sawmill Exchange

Michigan Firewood, your BRUTE FORCE Authorized Dealer

Baker Products

ECHO-Bearcat

iDRY Wood Lumber Vacuum Drying for everyon

Nyle Kiln Dry Systems

Chainsawr, The Worlds Largest Inventory of Chainsaw Parts

Smith Sawmill Service

Dynamic Green Products Inc.





Author Topic: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions  (Read 637 times)

0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic.

Offline MDC

  • member
  • *
  • Posts: 3
  • I'm new!
    • Share Post
STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« on: October 04, 2020, 02:15:05 PM »
I have a Stihl 028 AV - shop advised that the piston and likely the cylinder badly scored - muffler off - you can see the score on the piston - it is deep.  I would like to try to rebuild - put new cylinder / piston / rings etc.  How do I know the bore size?  42mm 44mm 46mm?  in order to order the right kit.  Also, where to buy a decent quality kit?  I live in Owen Sound, Ontario Canada.  

Offline sawguy21

  • Senior Member x2
  • *****
  • Posts: 11051
  • Age: 71
  • Location: Enderby B.C. Canada
  • Gender: Male
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #1 on: October 04, 2020, 03:25:33 PM »
Welcome! As long as you are buying the piston and cylinder together the bore doesn't matter so go with the largest. Why did it fail? Straight gassed or an air leak? Make sure the bearings, crank seals and intake boot are in good shape so it doesn't happen again.
You are stuck with buying OEM parts from a dealer, Stihl does not sell online. They will be the best quality but also the most expensive. Aftermarket parts are available from U.S. suppliers but the exchange rate and freight make them costly and quality varies.
Welcome!
old age and treachery will always overcome youth and enthusiasm

Offline MDC

  • member
  • *
  • Posts: 3
  • I'm new!
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #2 on: October 04, 2020, 04:44:46 PM »
Thank you for the reply - so from your answer - all 3 sizes of cylinders bolt on to the 028 crankcase - interesting.  The shop did not indicate the cause - the saw would start up (little difficult) and run and rev up and then just die off or rev up and as soon as you put a load on to cut - it would die off.    I had the crank seals replaced a couple of years ago - does not get a lot of use.  Mix of fuel / oil is 40 - 1 using Stihl oil and premium gas.  

I asked the shop what the cause might be - answer they gave was - just old age - it is some 30 plus years old.   They quoted - $400 for the kit - from Stihl.  

There must be some supplier in Canada.  

Thank you again

Offline ZeroJunk

  • Senior Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 723
  • Age: 66
  • Location: Browns Summit N.C.
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #3 on: October 04, 2020, 06:57:34 PM »
The Tecomec kits are OK.  Don't use any cir clip with an ear on it, or snip the ear(s) off.

Offline MDC

  • member
  • *
  • Posts: 3
  • I'm new!
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #4 on: October 04, 2020, 07:09:58 PM »
Thank you for your reply - I am not certain what you mean by CIR CLIP with an ear on it?   I have not dismantled yet - but I expect to find C clips (on the piston - either end of the wrist pin) those usually have a little spot (at the ends - a hole ) to insert the C clip pliers.  Would that be normal or OK?

Offline ZeroJunk

  • Senior Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 723
  • Age: 66
  • Location: Browns Summit N.C.
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #5 on: October 04, 2020, 08:47:52 PM »
You won't find holes in chainsaw wrist pin clips.  Some of the older slower saws had ears where you could squeeze them together to install. They were slow enough for that to work. The newer saws do not come from the factory with ears because metal fatigue will break that little ear off and wreck your saw. Sometimes sooner than later.

You can use OEM clips if the kit comes with the ears. Just make sure that the groove isn't too deep.
There have been some cases where the pin could slip over the clip. You can tell by looking at it.

I have had to rebuild two saws over later because the pin broke. Neither had more than 10 tanks of fuel through them.

Offline Mad Professor

  • Senior Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 562
  • Age: 2016
  • Location: Northeast
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #6 on: October 04, 2020, 10:50:41 PM »
The Tecomec kits are OK.  Don't use any cir clip with an ear on it, or snip the ear(s) off.
Tecomec made in Italy, used to be OEM quality.  Now the Chi-Coms make them out of Chinesium.

Online Magicman

  • Senior Member x2
  • *****
  • Posts: 40306
  • Age: 77
  • Location: Brookhaven, MS
  • Gender: Male
  • A "Traveling Man"
    • Share Post
    • Knothole Sawmill
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #7 on: October 05, 2020, 08:13:55 AM »
I found what you need from FF Sponsor Chainsawr:  LINK  

That is where I got my cylinder/piston from several years ago for my 028 AV rebuild.  
Knothole Sawmill, LLC     '98 Wood-Mizer LT40SuperHydraulic   WM Million BF Club Member   WM Pro Sawyer Network

Never allow your "need" to make money to exceed your "desire" to provide quality service.....The Magicman

Offline Mad Professor

  • Senior Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 562
  • Age: 2016
  • Location: Northeast
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #8 on: October 05, 2020, 11:28:12 AM »
I find what you need from FF Sponsor Chainsawr:  LINK  

That is where I got my cylinder/piston from several years ago for my 028 AV rebuild.  
Good advice from Magicman
Welcome!
Good used OEM cylinder is better than aftermarket.  See if yours will clean up (we can show you how).  Post some pictures.  Clean up the saw before you tear it down.
Might be hard to locate piston if yours is not 46mm "super".  OEM parts from Stihl are starting to dry up, 46mm piston is expensive, no cylinders, and complete gasket set also NLA from stihl. 
Aftermarket parts vary in quality from decent to junk. Meteor makes decent pistons less than 1/2 price of OEM, they list 44mm and 46mm for 028
028 uses the same crank seals as the BR400 blower, and a gasket kit w/seals for BR400 is less  $$$ than buying the 028 seals alone.  Stihl still sells individual gaskets.
You'll want to do the seals and check all the rubber/hoses, then a vac/pressure test when together.
Couple of attachments you'll find useful

Offline Mad Professor

  • Senior Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 562
  • Age: 2016
  • Location: Northeast
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #9 on: October 05, 2020, 11:30:40 AM »
Shop manual file is too big to attach here :(

Offline ZeroJunk

  • Senior Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 723
  • Age: 66
  • Location: Browns Summit N.C.
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #10 on: October 05, 2020, 03:29:10 PM »
I think I would jump on that for the price. Probably buy new rings.

Online JoshNZ

  • Senior Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 513
  • Location: New Zealand
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #11 on: October 07, 2020, 02:43:51 AM »
It won't take you long to pull the head and measure the piston, quick enough that you should do it before you order. Also lets you check the cylinder which can usually be saved, read up on removing aluminium transfer, that's usually all it is. Acid, or scouring pad. The cylinders are nikasil plated, tough as buggery. I had pretty good luck with both methods with an 038 cylinder however found it was gouged at the end of all my efforts. Look at the transfer through a loupe and you'll know.

That'll also give you a chance to listen to the crank bearings and see if they need doing. Based on what you were saying about over revving I'd be dubious about the seals, they're a pain to test but you can with stuff lying around most workshops if you're creative. Blocking the ports with rubber and wood blocks, and pressurizing the impulse nipple.

I've just done 2 rebuilds, new to chainsaw engines prior to that, and didn't find anything difficult about it. One I went with genuine Stihl the other I went with a meteor kit, pleased with both. Meteor kit looked fine and came with caber rings which are supposed to be great.

Good luck!

Online Al_Smith

  • Senior Member x2
  • *****
  • Posts: 10919
  • Location: Northwestern Ohio in the center of a giant corn field
  • Gender: Male
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #12 on: October 07, 2020, 05:53:31 AM »
Contrary to popular belief things don't have to be perfect to work well .Clean up the cylinder and piston ,throw a set of rings in it and run it .If you don't get stingy with the oil in the gasoline it will run for a long time . It's a chainsaw not a 1927 Rolls Royce .

Offline ZeroJunk

  • Senior Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 723
  • Age: 66
  • Location: Browns Summit N.C.
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #13 on: October 07, 2020, 12:46:48 PM »
Heaven forbid if you run a ball hone in it.  Your piston will literally turn sideways in the bore and kill anybody nearby.

Offline Mad Professor

  • Senior Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 562
  • Age: 2016
  • Location: Northeast
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #14 on: October 07, 2020, 01:06:24 PM »
Contrary to popular belief things don't have to be perfect to work well .Clean up the cylinder and piston ,throw a set of rings in it and run it .If you don't get stingy with the oil in the gasoline it will run for a long time . It's a chainsaw not a 1927 Rolls Royce .
Al, shame on you for running a smeared piston!
A meteor piston comes with caber rings and is ~ $35.  Just the rings are going to be $10-15 anyway.
What is your time worth to do things right the first time?

Offline Mad Professor

  • Senior Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 562
  • Age: 2016
  • Location: Northeast
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #15 on: October 07, 2020, 01:08:20 PM »
Heaven forbid if you run a ball hone in it.  Your piston will literally turn sideways in the bore and kill anybody nearby.
Ball hones do ugly things to nikasil.

Online Al_Smith

  • Senior Member x2
  • *****
  • Posts: 10919
  • Location: Northwestern Ohio in the center of a giant corn field
  • Gender: Male
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #16 on: October 07, 2020, 06:49:32 PM »
Well professor keep in mind I'm not talking about an MS 250 Stihl or a Poulan Wild Thing  .Try finding a piston for a McCulloch  250 or an Oliver OC 6 crawler circa 1954 .You know some of  us just have to deal with things using different methods . 8)---BTW I have and do use Meteor pistons and Caber rings .CR seals and Permatex #2 :)-----no Amsoil at 100 to 1---

Offline ZeroJunk

  • Senior Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 723
  • Age: 66
  • Location: Browns Summit N.C.
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #17 on: October 08, 2020, 06:01:11 PM »
Heaven forbid if you run a ball hone in it.  Your piston will literally turn sideways in the bore and kill anybody nearby.
Ball hones do ugly things to nikasil.
Oh, I don't know. I used one the other day on a MS460. I actually timed it out of curiosity just to see how I do it. About 1 1/2 seconds one way and 1 1/2 seconds the other. It will get what little transfer is left on the edge of your ports. And, then in to the dishwasher.
I'm thinking you would really have to dog the heck out of nikasil with a ball hone to hurt it. You are not using it to remove the aluminum. It should already be gone. But, it will slick it up enough that you can see what is left if anything.
Works for me.

Online Al_Smith

  • Senior Member x2
  • *****
  • Posts: 10919
  • Location: Northwestern Ohio in the center of a giant corn field
  • Gender: Male
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #18 on: October 08, 2020, 07:48:02 PM »
FWIW they really don't recommend ball hones on hard nickel ( nikosil ) .If anything the diamond hone stones .
I have a Lisle precision hone hone that has both the diamonds and the regular stones  for cast iron and steel .
The way it works is the silicon carbide element is like a ceramic and a microscopic layer of nickel is above it .The action of the rings removes that layer in a very short time exposing the harder material under it .I can get a link if you want to read it yourself .
I don't hone plating myself ,either hard nickel or chrome .If it needs polished up a tad I use a scotch-brite greenie and kerosene ,no sand paper .Like on any transfer it will come off with some elbow grease .I tried it with a flap wheel and promptly ate right through the plating, bad plan .Live and learn .

Offline ZeroJunk

  • Senior Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 723
  • Age: 66
  • Location: Browns Summit N.C.
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #19 on: October 08, 2020, 08:53:18 PM »
The way I got started in this was when a friend who works for the hardware store brought me two pick up truck loads of Stihl saws, blowers, weedeaters. Customers never picked them up and I guess the repair estimate was too high.
There was an 046 in the bunch so the first thing I did was get a big bore kit for it. Well, the rings broke before you could slip them over the piston. Sent that back and decided I would see if I could clean the cylinder. It was pretty rough.
I had no idea what I was doing and just ordered a ball hone and I cleaned every bit of the aluminum out just with the hone. The plating was missing a little on either side of the ports. Saw ran great.
I gave it to a friend who used it a couple of years for firewood. He gave it to another friend and he called and wanted to know what I had done to that saw, said he had never had a saw that would cut like that.
Anyhow, there is no telling how long I honed on that cylinder. Long enough to know that you can get the plating off. Can't imagine anybody doing it if they are trying not to.

Online Al_Smith

  • Senior Member x2
  • *****
  • Posts: 10919
  • Location: Northwestern Ohio in the center of a giant corn field
  • Gender: Male
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #20 on: October 08, 2020, 10:17:40 PM »
All I'm saying is they don't recommend doing it .What or how anybody does anything really is none of my business .This I will say with a ball or shoe hone you cannot correct ovality or taper .It takes a precision  hone like the Lisle I have .Which I might add was given to me .Dang thing is like a couple hundred for a new one and I'm a tight wad .Chainsaws are only one of my many interests, machining  is another .I'm self taught and can do about anything a tool and die maker can do it just takes me a lot longer .---I also make a lot of mistakes  ;)

Offline Mad Professor

  • Senior Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 562
  • Age: 2016
  • Location: Northeast
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #21 on: October 08, 2020, 10:19:09 PM »
Heaven forbid if you run a ball hone in it.  Your piston will literally turn sideways in the bore and kill anybody nearby.
Ball hones do ugly things to nikasil.
Oh, I don't know. I used one the other day on a MS460. I actually timed it out of curiosity just to see how I do it. About 1 1/2 seconds one way and 1 1/2 seconds the other. It will get what little transfer is left on the edge of your ports. And, then in to the dishwasher.
I'm thinking you would really have to dog the heck out of nikasil with a ball hone to hurt it. You are not using it to remove the aluminum. It should already be gone. But, it will slick it up enough that you can see what is left if anything.
Works for me.
UGLY ball hone!

 

 

Offline Real1shepherd

  • Senior Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 399
  • Age: 67
  • Location: Eastern WA
  • Gender: Male
  • I'm new!
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #22 on: October 08, 2020, 10:30:08 PM »
Not gonna get into the ball honing controversy, but don't assume a Meteor piston is good quality at a cheap price. They're now linked up with Hyway pistons....so buyer beware.

Your best bet always is to find a good used OE P&C.

There's not enough plating thickness in a chainsaw jug to worry about taper and concentric considerations. If your jug is out of round a lot for some reason, pitch it.

Kevin

Offline Mad Professor

  • Senior Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 562
  • Age: 2016
  • Location: Northeast
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #23 on: October 08, 2020, 10:42:07 PM »
Sad if Meteor has gone way of Tecomec?

Tecomec was OEM quality when made in Italy.  Tilton/Total was USA distributor.  Head guy at Tilton said Tecomec went to $#!t- CHI-COM!!!

I spoke with him , Head person, who was distributor for Tecomec for many years.

If Meteor has went Chi-Com , only option is OEM.  I won't but Chi-Com chit.

P.S. I have stash of OEM/NOS Stihl for my saws, nope not for sale?

But I don't buy Brazilian GM Obama cars either

Offline Real1shepherd

  • Senior Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 399
  • Age: 67
  • Location: Eastern WA
  • Gender: Male
  • I'm new!
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #24 on: October 08, 2020, 10:48:26 PM »
I can't say for sure....but a close association with Hyway can't be a good thing. Meteor isn't going to bring Hyway quality up, but Hyway is going to bring Meteor down, down, down.......

You get what you pay for in aftermarket chit.....so if Meteor is going for roughly what Hyway is or was.....you get the idea. 

No way I'm stuffing Chinesium in my old warriors.

Kevin

Offline Mad Professor

  • Senior Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 562
  • Age: 2016
  • Location: Northeast
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #25 on: October 08, 2020, 11:39:34 PM »
I'm going to buy some Italy Meteor slugs before they dry up like Tecomec.

A good investment, like ammo was last summer.......

Offline ZeroJunk

  • Senior Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 723
  • Age: 66
  • Location: Browns Summit N.C.
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #26 on: October 09, 2020, 07:46:57 AM »
Heaven forbid if you run a ball hone in it.  Your piston will literally turn sideways in the bore and kill anybody nearby.
Ball hones do ugly things to nikasil.
Oh, I don't know. I used one the other day on a MS460. I actually timed it out of curiosity just to see how I do it. About 1 1/2 seconds one way and 1 1/2 seconds the other. It will get what little transfer is left on the edge of your ports. And, then in to the dishwasher.
I'm thinking you would really have to dog the heck out of nikasil with a ball hone to hurt it. You are not using it to remove the aluminum. It should already be gone. But, it will slick it up enough that you can see what is left if anything.
Works for me.
UGLY ball hone!
(Image hidden from quote, click to view.)
 
(Image hidden from quote, click to view.)

Oh, I know. I have done it.  And, I know how long it takes.
If you want a photo to discredit a ball hone I will whip up one worse than that.

Online Al_Smith

  • Senior Member x2
  • *****
  • Posts: 10919
  • Location: Northwestern Ohio in the center of a giant corn field
  • Gender: Male
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #27 on: October 09, 2020, 09:37:00 AM »
Geeze ,to hone or not to hone .This is starting to sound like the great oil debate which is never ending .
Now  of course you can't take the ovality out of a plated cylinder .I used that Lisle to hone a cast iron liner I installed in a Mac 125 .It was grade 50 fine grained cast iron  the same stuff Harley made cylinders out of .
I'm sure I'm not the only one to ever resleeve a chainsaw cylinder but until proven differently  the only one to have the pictures to prove it . It was the only method I could think of to save it because the chrome had delaminated .It runs fine but since I did it I have not ran that thing long enough  to even seat the tool steel piston rings .

I've got a couple of big dead hickories,one is over 3 feet in diameter .That could give me some fodder to not only give the big yellow saw some run time but also a couple more that have been taking up shelf space .I might get to this winter or I might not .

Offline ZeroJunk

  • Senior Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 723
  • Age: 66
  • Location: Browns Summit N.C.
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #28 on: October 09, 2020, 11:45:07 AM »
What kind of oil should I put on the hone ?  :D

Online Al_Smith

  • Senior Member x2
  • *****
  • Posts: 10919
  • Location: Northwestern Ohio in the center of a giant corn field
  • Gender: Male
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #29 on: October 09, 2020, 11:54:11 AM »
In the automotive industry they use honing oil .It's just kerosene with a fire retardant .I don't think it makes any difference weather it's make by Marathon or Clark American .The ratio would be the same, one to one ..An added bonus if you don't use it all up it's real handy to light off a brush pile with .

Offline sawguy21

  • Senior Member x2
  • *****
  • Posts: 11051
  • Age: 71
  • Location: Enderby B.C. Canada
  • Gender: Male
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #30 on: October 09, 2020, 12:04:16 PM »
I have had good luck with a 50/50 mix of Varsol and motor oil on 4 stroke air cooleds. I have not tried honing a saw cylinder, if acid and scotch brite doesn't clean it up out it goes.
old age and treachery will always overcome youth and enthusiasm

Offline Real1shepherd

  • Senior Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 399
  • Age: 67
  • Location: Eastern WA
  • Gender: Male
  • I'm new!
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #31 on: October 09, 2020, 12:10:37 PM »
I posted the "wigglesorth' method/video in another thread. That is my standard for polishing a bore. Randy shows how to remove aluminum transfers right before he shows the "wigglesworth" method.

Time is not a factor for me when polishing a bore. It's not like I have a bench filled with customer saws waiting for help.

Kevin

Online Al_Smith

  • Senior Member x2
  • *****
  • Posts: 10919
  • Location: Northwestern Ohio in the center of a giant corn field
  • Gender: Male
    • Share Post
Re: STIHL 028 AV rebuild questions
« Reply #32 on: October 09, 2020, 01:12:57 PM »
It might sound odd but frankly I haven't had many that hung from a lean burn .A couple had the exhaust side of the piston a tad scorched those just cleaned up nice .They were caused from restricted mufflers ,screens carboned up etc .
I've got a 038 Mag that was ran with a faulty air filter and literally grenaded the piston .Ate something evidently that didn't agree with it's digestive system  .Mahle cylinders are tough, not a chip, nothing .New OEM piston. Back in service ..At that time it had been in service for a tree company for about 20 years and I did that work at least 12-15 years ago and it was later given to me .That's one tough old saw ,one of the best.


Share via delicious Share via digg Share via facebook Share via linkedin Share via pinterest Share via reddit Share via stumble Share via tumblr Share via twitter

xx
Stihl 036 top end rebuild questions

Started by ashes on Chainsaws

6 Replies
1296 Views
Last post December 28, 2017, 09:36:12 PM
by Gary Davis
xx
Stihl 051 rebuild questions

Started by Coach on Chainsaws

0 Replies
274 Views
Last post June 28, 2019, 10:37:23 AM
by Coach
xx
Stihl 024AV rebuild/repair questions

Started by Woodcutter_Mo on Chainsaws

39 Replies
3927 Views
Last post July 05, 2017, 06:19:58 AM
by Al_Smith
xx
Husqvarna 359 rebuild questions

Started by hobbytyme2 on Chainsaws

0 Replies
270 Views
Last post January 12, 2020, 02:27:45 AM
by hobbytyme2
 


Powered by EzPortal